The three Doshas and the five elements that create them
According to Ayurveda, the five elements of nature found on earth (Space, Air, fire, Water, and Earth) combine in the body as three components known as Dosha (vatta, Pitta, and Kapha). The three doshas relate closely to the element of nature and to specific functions of the body. For an optimal health, it essential that all the doshas are balanced.
Everyone is sort into one of three doshas or constitutes (Vatta, Pitta, and Kapha). While we all have elements of all three doshas, in most people, one dominates, influencing physical and emotional health, behavior and more. Doshas are determined at the time of conception, also relates to an individual’s physical makeup and personality. Most people are considered to have a combination of doshas, with one type usually being predominant.
These Doshas are energies used to describe your body, food, mind, environment and everything else. They are also used to help identify, customize and prescribe lifestyle changes and remedies that will balance your energies, prevent diseases, and preserve health.
1. Vatta (Air and Ether)
·Vatta is made up of the elements air and ether. Air gives it characteristics such as mobility and dryness, while their makes it subtle and light.
·It is the most important dosha in the body and mind. As it is the force of all movement (e.g. blood circulation) and sensation. The main seat of vata is the colon
·Providing movement, such as for breathing, circulation, transmission of nerve signals and elimination of waste/providing all sensation in the body, igniting agi (digestive fire)/supporting memory, drive and understanding.
Mind and Body:
·The vata mind is influence by air and ether, giving it properties of movement, lightness, speed, irregularity such as being able to understand and learn, but also quickly to forget.
·A person with a Vatta makeup tends to have a small, thin build and wispy physically, lively, chatty, and always on the move (all over the place). On the other hands, people with this dosha are more expose to insomnia, anxiety, and the inability to focus.
·Emotions such as anxiety, fear, or nervousness
·Dry, rough, or chapped skin
·Gas or bloating after meals
·Dry or dry stools
·Feeling uncomfortably cold
2. Pitta (Fire and Water)
·Pitta takes on characteristics such as heat and sharpness from fire and fluidity and oiliness from water.
·In the body, it is the source of transformation (digestion) and provide internal heat. The main seat of Pitta is the stomach and intestine
·Digesting food and Fueling agni (digestive fire)/producing blood and coloring the skin/providing intelligence and self-confidence/provide insight
Mind and Body:
·The fire and water give them properties of penetration and transformation such as a sharp intelligence and a proneness to anger.
·The pitta body style is more of a medium, and muscular build; and tend have a fire burning within. Persons with Pitta dosha are often intense, intelligent, goal-oriented, excellent leaders and public speakers. However, too much of pitta leads to compulsive, obsessed behavior, irritability and heartburn.
·Having an overly sharp, highly critical or uncompromising mind
·Experiencing hyperacidity, burning sensations, tightness in the belly, or inflammation in the gut
3. Kapha (Earth and Water)
·Qualities received by Kapha from earth include heaviness and stability; and from water include illness and smoothness.
·It gives the body substance, strength, cohesion, lubrication, cooling, and immunity. It is also responsible for healing. The main seat of Kapha is the stomach and chest.
·Providing moisture to food in the stomach
·Providing strength and cooling to the heart and the sensory organs
·Stabilizing and lubricating the joints
Mind and Body:
·The earth and water give Kapha mind properties stability and endurance, such as cool headedness and good memory.
·The Kapha appearance is usually bigger and well-developed. Kapha tend to have their feet firmly planted on the ground. They are strong and muscular physically, and are emotionally stable, calm and patient. Unlike vata, Kapha are prone to holding grudges, sluggishness, and weight gain.
·Excessive sleep or difficulty waking up
·Over-eating, or turning to food for emotional comfort
Carrying extra body weight